Crime in Hawaii 2012 (Annual)

December 20, 2013 – Hawaii’s Index Crime* rate decreased in 2012, down 2.4% from the rate reported for 2011, to reach a new record low level.

A total of 46,797 Index Crimes were reported statewide in 2012, yielding a rate of 3,361 offenses per 100,000 resident population.  The violent Index Crime rate in Hawaii decreased 3.8% in 2012, and the property Index Crime rate decreased 2.3%, reaching their lowest levels on record for the State of Hawaii.  Hawaii’s total, violent, and property Index Crime rates in 2012 were, respectively, 39.0%, 10.3%, and 40.5% below the rates reported a decade earlier (2003).

Other highlights of Crime in Hawaii 2012 include the following:

The rate of reported offenses for three violent Index Crimes decreased for the State of Hawaii in 2012: murder fell 1.3%, forcible rape declined 22.0%, and aggravated assault dropped 8.1%.  The rate of reported offenses for the Index Crime of robbery increased by 11.8%.  There were 3,378 violent Index Crimes reported in the State of Hawaii in 2012, representing a rate of 242.6 offenses per 100,000 residents.  The rates for murder and forcible rape in 2012 were at record low levels.

Reported rates of offenses decreased for two of the property Index Crimes in the State of Hawaii during 2012: burglary, 7.4%, and motor vehicle theft, 14.6%, and increased for one of the Index Crimes: larceny-theft, 0.8%.  The burglary and motor vehicle theft rates in 2012 were at record low levels.  The State of Hawaii’s property Index Crime rate in 2012 was 3,119 offenses per 100,000 residents.

The reported rate for arson in 2012 decreased by 13.7% compared to the year prior; this was the lowest rate on record since the start of arson data collection in 1980.

The number of statewide Index Crime arrests increased 1.8% in 2012.  Arrests for violent Index Crimes decreased 3.0%, while arrests for property Index Crimes increased 3.1%. 

Based on the proportion of arrests (plus cases closed by “exceptional means”) to reported offenses, the total clearance rate for reported Index Crimes increased from 16.5%  in 2011 to 17.5% in 2012.

Adult arrests comprised 79.6% of all Index Crime arrests in 2012; juvenile arrests accounted for 20.4%.  Crime in Hawaii 2012 also provides state and county data on the age, gender and race/ethnicity of arrestees.

The City & County of Honolulu’s total Index Crime rate fell 4.9% in 2012, with the violent and property crime rates decreasing 2.7% and 5.0%, respectively.  The City & County of Honolulu’s total Index and property crime rates in 2012 were the lowest on record since the start of statewide data collection in 1975.

Hawaii County’s total Index Crime rate increased 10.3% in 2012.  Hawaii County’s violent crime rate decreased 15.2%, while the property crime rate increased 12.9%.  Hawaii County’s total Index, violent, and property crime rates in 2012 were the lowest in the State of Hawaii.

The total Index Crime rate in Maui County increased 0.4% in 2012; the violent crime rate increased 9.8%, and the property crime rate fell 0.2%.  Maui County’s property crime rate in 2012 was the lowest on record for Maui County since the start of data collection in 1975.

The total Index Crime rate in Kauai County decreased 3.1% in 2012.  Kauai County’s violent and property crime rates in 2012 decreased 12.0% and 2.3%, respectively.  Kauai County’s total Index, violent, and property crime rates in 2012 were the highest in the State of Hawaii.

Twenty-one murders were reported statewide in 2012.  Males comprised 81.0% of the murder victims and 95.0% of the alleged offenders.  The breakdown for the relationship between victims and known offenders in 2012 includes: acquaintance, 50.0% (10); stranger, 20.0% (4); immediate family, 15.0% (3); spouse, 10.0% (2); and girlfriend/boyfriend, 5.0% (1).

Of the 3,099 murders, robberies, and aggravated assaults reported statewide during 2012, 49.1% were committed using strongarm weapons (i.e., hands, fists, and feet); 24.4% with “other” or unknown weapons; 18.0% with knives or other edged weapons; and 8.5% with firearms.

Over $70 million in property value was reported stolen in the State of Hawaii during 2012, down 9.8% from the figure reported for 2011.  Of the total value stolen in 2012, 22.2% was recovered, down slightly from 26.3% recovered in 2011.

In 2012, 2 county police officers were killed and 380 were assaulted (a rate of 12.9 assaults per 100 officers). Crime in Hawaii 2012 also provides data on the time of day, type of assignment, and the weapons used in assaults against police officers.

On October 31, 2012, a total of 2,942 police officers and 778 civilians were employed by the four county police departments, denoting a 0.3% decrease in workforce from the figures reported for October 31, 2011.

* Including the violent Index Crimes of murder, forcible rape, aggravated assault, and robbery; the property Index Crimes of burglary, motor vehicle theft, and larceny-theft; and, tracked separately, arson.

Record Crime Rates*
State of Hawaii and Counties, 2012

State of Hawaii
Record low total Index Crime rate
Record low property crime rate
Record low murder rate
Record low forcible rape rate
Record low burglary rate
Record low motor vehicle theft rate
Record low arson rate

City & County of Honolulu
Record low total Index Crime rate
Record low property crime rate
Record low murder rate
Record low forcible rape rate
Record low burglary rate
Record low larceny-theft rate
Record low motor vehicle theft rate
Record low arson rate

Hawaii County
Record low arson rate

Maui County
Record low property crime rate
Record low burglary rate

Kauai County
None

Crime in Hawaii 2012
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